Adi Shankaracharya was an Indian Guru and philosopher. He was born in Kalady which is situated in Kerala during 788 C.E. and he was died at age of 32 in year 820 C.E.
Adi Shankaracharya Jayanti is observed on Panchami Tithi during Shukla Paksha of Vaishakha month and currently falls between April and May. Shankaracharya consolidated the doctrine of Advaita Vedanata (अद्वैत वेदान्त) and revived it at a time when Hindu culture was on decline.
Adi Shankara, along with Madhava and Ramanuja, was instrumental in the revival of Hinduism. These three teachers formed the doctrines that are followed by their respective sects even today. They have been the most important figures in the recent history of Hindu philosophy.
Mahavir was born on thirteenth day of the rising moon of Chaitra month (which was Trayodashi Tithi during Shukla Paksha of Chaitra month). Mahavir was born during 599 B.C. and died in 527 B.C. at the age of 72. Mahavir was born at Kundalagrama which is situated under Vaishali district in Bihar.
Ramanuja is also known as Ramanujacharya.
Sri Ramanuja Acharya was great Hindu philosopher and thinker. He is the most venerated Acharya in the philosophy of Sri Vaishnavism. He was born in 11th century in the village of Sriperumbudur, Tamil Nadu in 1017 CE. Sri Ramanuja birth name was Lakshmana and also referred as Ilaya Perumal which means the radiant one. He was died at the age of 120 in Srirangam, Tamil Nadu in 1137 CE.
Gautama Buddha whose birth name was Siddhartha Gautama was a spiritual teacher on whose teachings Buddhism was founded.
The time of Gautama Buddha’s birth and death is uncertain. However, most historians date his lifetime between 563-483 BC. Most people consider Lumbini, Nepal as birth place of Buddha. Buddha died at the age of 80 at Kushinagar, Uttar Pradesh.
For Buddhists, Bodh Gaya is the most important pilgrimage site related to the life of Gautama Buddha. The other three important pilgrimage sites are Kushinagar, Lumbini, and Sarnath. It is believed that Gautama Buddha obtained Enlightenment at Bodhagaya and he first taught the Dharma at Sarnath.
It is believed that Gautama Buddha obtained Enlightenment and passed away on the same day. Buddha Purnima is also known as Buddha Jayanti, Vesak, Vaishaka and Buddha’s Birthday. Buddha Purnima during Vaishakha month is celebrated as birth anniversary of Gautama Buddha.
In North India Buddha is considered as the 9th incarnation and Lord Krishna as the 8th incarnation of Lord Vishnu. However Buddha is never considered as an Avatar of Vishnu in South Indian belief. In South India Balarama is considered as the 8th incarnation and Krishna as the 9th incarnation of Lord Vishnu. Balarama is counted as an incarnation of Vishnu by the majority of Vaishnava movements. Even Buddhists don’t consider Buddha as an incarnation of Lord Vishnu. top
Sri Madhvacharya was born on the auspicious day of Vijaya Dashami (which is also known as Dussehra) in 1238 C.E. at Pajaka, a small village near Udupi.
The followers of Madhvacharya don’t document his death but his departure to Badri at the age of 79 in 1317 C.E. The day on which Sri Madhvacharya proceeded to Badri is celebrated as Madhva Navami which is also known as disappearance day of Madhva Acharya by his disciples. Dashami Tithi of Ashwin Shukla Paksha is celebrated as Sri Madhva Jayanti or Madhvacharya Jayanthi.
Madhvacharya was the proponent of Dvaita Vedanta. It regards Brahman and individual souls as eternal and mutually separate entities. Hence the philosophy of Dvaita Vedanta is based on principles of dualism which is opposite to philosophy of Advaita Vedanta and Vishishta Advaita Vedanta.
The philosophy of Dvaita Vedanta is also known as Tattvavada - the Philosophy of Reality. It identifies God with Brahman completely and in turns with Vishnu or his various incarnations.
The exact year of the birth of Saint Jhulelal is not known but he was born during the 10th century in Sindh. This was the time when Sindh came under the rule of Sumras. Sumras were tolerant to all other religions. However a tyrant named Mirkshah was threatening Sindhi Hindus to either convert to Islam or face the death.
The Sindhis prayed to the river God to protect them from the forced conversion. It is stated that their prayers were heard after forty days of worship. River God promised them that the divine child would be born in Nasarpur to save them from the tyrant. The child was known as Saint Jhulelal. The Sindhi community celebrates the festival of Cheti Chand to commemorate the birth anniversary of Ishtadeva Uderolal which is popularly known as Jhulelal, the patron saint of Sindhis. It is the day when the New Moon becomes visible after no moon day. Due to the first appearance of the moon during the Cheti month, this day is known as Cheti Chand.
This day is considered highly auspicious and is celebrated with much fanfare. The water which is the basic foundation of life is worshipped on this day. top