Pt. Mohan Ramphal

Promoting Hinduisim

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Navraatri

More on Female Gods



Durga, the Mother Goddess in the form of Devi and Shakti, is believed to have manifested in various forms.  Navadurga Maa are believed to be the most sacred aspects of Goddess Durga. According to a Hindu tradition, it is believed that there are three major forms in which Goddess Durga manifested herself, namely, Mahasaraswati, Mahalakshmiand Mahakali who are the active energies (Shakti) of Brahma, Vishnu and Rudra respectively. These three forms of Durga further manifested in three more forms each, and thus emerged the nine forms of Durga, which are collectively called Navadurga or Nine Durgas. Navadurga are famously worshipped during the Autumn Navaratri or the Nine days, initiating the devotees into a period of festivities according to Hindu calendar.

Each one of the Navadurga is known by a particular name and the deity has a particular dhyana-mantra, a mantra for meditation, a free English version of which is mentioned below:

·         Shailaputri

May the illustrious Shailputri Durga whom I salute and whose head is adorned by a half-moon, who rides nandi, a bull and carries a spear, fulfill the desires of my heart. She is known as 1st phase of Durga when she took birth as the daughter of Great Himalayas.

·         Brahmacharini

May the supreme Brahmachari Durga, who holds rosary and kamandalu in her lotus hands and whose nature is to attain Sachchidanandamaya Brahmaswarupa the Existence-Knowledge-Bliss absolute, be propitious on me. Devi is Devi's that phase when Maa Parvati before marriage was Devi Yogni and Devi Tapsvini.

·         Chandraghanta

 Chandraghanta Maa is known and named Chandraghanta or Chandra-Khanda as Maa Durga wears the semi-circular moon (Chandra) which appears like a bell (Ghanta) on her forehead.

·         Kushmanda

 In this form Mother Durga creates solar system by liberating her power to Lord Sun.

·         Skandamata

As Mother of Skanda or Kartikeya, Maa Parvati or Maa Durga is known as Skandmata.

·         Kathyayini

 When Maa Parvati's Partial expansion took birth in Sage Katya's home and gets energy from trinity and demi Gods, then the Goddess was known as Maa Katyani.

·         Kaalratri

In Skand Purana, Maa Parvati liberates Devi's golden outer sheath and becomes dark complexioned then Goddess becomes Goddess Kaalratri.

·         Mahagauri

May the Mahagauri Ma Durga who rides a white Vrishaba the bull and who wears spotless white clothes and remains ever pure and also provides everlasting bliss to Mahadeva Lord Shiva bestow all auspiciousness. Devi is 16 years old unmarried Goddess Parvati.

·         Siddhidaatri

May the ever victorious Siddhidayini Ma Durga, who is always worshipped by the hordes of siddha, gandharva, yaksha, asura, and Deva, bestow success everywhere. She is one who was worshiped by Lord Shiva to become in the form of Goddess Ardhnarishwara, then Goddess Shakti Appeared from the left side of Lord Shiva


Durga Puja Timing

Durga puja is celebrated in the autumn months of September/October. According to the Hindu solar calendar, it falls on the first nine days of the month of Ashvin. Most of the religions follow either a solar calendar or a lunar calendar. For the Hindus, it is a combination of both. The days are counted on the basis of sun rise and sun set. But timings of all religious functions are based on the lunar month. The lunar month is divided into two halves, the full moon phase and the new moon phase. 

In the South Western Ontario area (and all cities which share the same Longitude as Toronto, eg, New York, Florida, etc.) we follow or should follow the timing as published in the Baskar Panchang since the calculations this publication is computed to reflect the Eastern Time Zone with the hope that this effort of the publishers will remove the usual confusion about the celebrations of various Hindu festivals.

Pooja Proceedure

  • First day  – Kalasha Sthapana (Kalasha Pooja) or Ghata Sthapana – Shailaputri Puja
  • Second day  – Preeti Dwitiya – Brahmacharini Puja
  • Third day  – Chandrakanta pooja or Chandraghanta puja
  • Fourth day - Kushmanda pooja
  • Fifth day – Skandamata Puja – Lalitha Panchami
  • Sixth day – Katyayani Puja – Maha Shashti or Durga Shashti
  • Seventh day  – Kaalratri Pooja – Durga Saptami or Maha Sapthami
  • Eighth day  – Maha Gauri Pooja – (Durgashtami Puja/Maha Ashtami/Veerashtami)
  • Ninth day  – Siddhidatri Puja – (Mahanavami/Maharnavami or Durga Navami)
  • Tenth day – Aparajitha Puja or Shami Pooja – Vijaya Dashami or Dasara


The 108 Names of Durga


Name

Meaning

Durga

The Inaccessible

Devi

The Diety

Tribhuvaneshwari

Goddess of The Three Worlds

Yashodagarba Sambhoota

Emerging  From Yashoda's Womb

Narayanavarapriya

Fond of Narayana's Boons

Nandagopakulajata

Daughter Of The Nandagopa Race

Mangalya

Auspicious

Kulavardhini

Developer Of The Race

Kamsavidravanakari

Threatened Kamsa

Asurakshayamkari

Reducer Of The Number Of Demons

Shilathata Vinikshibda

At Birth,Slammed By Kamsa

Akashagamini

Flew In The Sky

Vasudevabhagini

Sister Of Vasudeva

Divamalya Vibhooshita

Adorned With Beautiful Garlands

Divyambaradhara

Beautifully Robed

Khadgaketaka Dharini

Holder Of Sword And Shield

Shiva

Auspicious

Papadharini

Bearer Of Others' Sins

Varada

Granter Of Boons

Krishna

Sister Of Krishna

Kumari

Young Girl

Brahmacharini

Seeker Of Brahman

Balarkasadrushakara

Like The Rising Sun

Purnachandra Nibhanana

Beautiful Like The Full Moon

Chaturbhuja

Four-Armed

Chaturvakttra

Four-Faced

Peenashroni Payodhara

Large Bosomed

Mayoora Pichhavalaya

Wearer Of Peacock-Feathered Bangles

Keyurangadadharini

Bejewelled With Armlets And Bracelets

Krishnachhavisama

Like Krishna's Radiance

Krishna

Dark-Complexioned

Sankarshanasamanana

Equal To Sankarshana

Indradhwaja Samabahudharini

With Shoulders Like Indra's Flag

Patradharini

Vessel-Holder

Pankajadharini

Lotus-Holder

Kanttadhara

Holder of Shiva's Neck

Pashadharini

Holder Of Rope

Dhanurdharini

Holder Of Bow

Mahachakradharini

Holder Of Chakra

Vividayudhadhara

Bearer Of Various Weapons

Kundalapurnakarna Vibhooshita

Wearer Of Earrings Covering The Ears

Chandravispardimukha

Beautiful Like The Moon

Mukutavirajita

Shining With Crown Adorned

Shikhipichhadwaja Virajita

Having Peacock-Feathered Flag

Kaumaravratadhara

Observer Of Fasts Like Young Girls Do

Tridivabhavayirtri

Goddess Of The Three Worlds

Tridashapujita

The Goddess Of The Celestials

Trailokyarakshini

Protector Of The Three Worlds

Mahishasuranashini

Destroyer Of Mahisha

Prasanna

Cheerful

Surashreshtta

Supreme Among The Celestials

Shiva

Shiva's Half

Jaya

Victorious

Vijaya

Conqueror

Sangramajayaprada

Granter Of Victory In The War

Varada

Bestower

Vindhyavasini`

Resident Of The Vindhyas

Kali

Dark-Complexioned

Kali

Goddess Of Death

Mahakali

Wife Of Mahakala

Seedupriya

Fond Of Drinks

Mamsapriya

Fond Of Flesh

Pashupriya

Fond Of All Beings

Bhootanushruta

Well-Wisher Of Bhootaganas

Varada

Bestower

Kamacharini

Acting On One's Own Accord

Papaharini

Destroyer Of Sins

Kirti

Famed

Shree

Auspicious

Dhruti

Valiant

Siddhi

Successful

Hri

Holy Chant Of Hymns

Vidhya

Wisdom

Santati

Granter Of Issues

Mati

Wise

Sandhya

Twilight

Ratri

Night

Prabha

Dawn

Nitya

Eternal

Jyotsana

Radiant Like Flames

Kantha

Radiant

Khama

Embodiment Of Forgiveness

Daya

Compassionate

Bandhananashini

Detacher Of Attachments

Mohanashini

Destroyer Of Desires

Putrapamrityunashini

Sustainer Of Son's Untimely Death

Dhanakshayanashini

Controller Of Wealth Decrease

Vyadhinashini

Vanquisher Of Ailments

Mruthyunashini

Destroyer Of Death

Bhayanashini

Remover Of Fear

Padmapatrakshi

Eyes Like The Lotus Leaf

Durga

Remover Of Distress

Sharanya

Granter Of Refuge

Bhaktavatsala

Lover Of Devotees

Saukhyada

Bestower Of Well-Being

Arogyada

Granter Of Good Health

Rajyada

Bestower Of Kingdom

Ayurda

Granter Of Longevity

Vapurda

Granter Of Beautiful Appearance

Sutada

Granter Of Issues

Pravasarakshika

Protector Of Travellers

Nagararakshika

Protector Of Land

Sangramarakshika

Protector Of Wars

Shatrusankata Rakshika

Protector From Distress Caused By Foes

Ataviduhkhandhara Rakshika

Protector From Ignorance And Distress

Sagaragirirakshika

Protector Of Seas And Hills

Sarvakaryasiddhi Pradayika

Granter Of Success In All Attempts

Durga

Deity Durga